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Thursday, June 28, 2012

HFMD


bibir membengkak
bintik-bintik dalam lidah dan sekitar mulut
bintik ti tapak tangan

She's only 5. Periang, suke menyanyi, menari dan banyak mulut. Dah dua hari dia demam. Tak nak makan.. Minum susu aje. Tu pun susah nak hisap botol sebab sakit mulut. Malam tadi die mengadu sakit mulut. Abg dan kakak ipar aku cek di sekitar mulut dan dalam mulut dia ade bintik-bintik. Terus bawa ke Pusrawi Kajang. Doc sahkan dia terkena HFMD. Ya Allah... masa abg aku call mak bgtahu malam tadi, mak aku dah sedih. Cucu kesayangan dia sakit. Mak ambil Dettol dan pencuci lantai terus mop lantai. Sambil mop sambil sedih.. Huuu... 

So dia kene kuarantin di rumah. Sekolah dah diberitahu so harap dorang dapat buat cleaning satu sekolah sebelum bdk lain terkena. Tak sure my niece kene kat skolah atau di rumah..tp pembersihan dan pencucian perlu dilakukan di kedua-dua tempat (rumah & sekolah). 

*Kakak cepat sembuh ye..nanti boley maen dengan Putri lagi..*


Kopipes : Wikipedia - HFMD

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a human syndrome caused by intestinal viruses of the Picornaviridae family. The most common strains causing HFMD are Coxsackie A virus and Enterovirus 71 (EV-71)

HFMD usually affects infants and children, and is quite common. It is moderately contagious and is spread through direct contact with the mucus, saliva, or feces of an infected person. It typically occurs in small epidemics in nursery schools or kindergartens, usually during the summer and autumn months. The usual incubation period is 3–7 days.

It is less common in adults, but those with immune deficiencies are very susceptible. HFMD is not to be confused with foot-and-mouth disease (also called hoof-and-mouth disease), which is a separate disease affecting sheep, cattle, and swine (both are caused by members of the Picornaviridae family, but are not trans-communicable between Humans and livestock).

Signs and symptoms


Rash on the hands.

Rash on the feet
Symptoms of HFMD include:
-multiple red blisters inside mouth, but mainly on back of throat
  • Painful oral lesions
  • body rash, followed by sores with blisters on palms of hand, soles of feet, and sometimes on the lips
  • Rash is rarely itchy for children, but can be extremely itchy for adults
  • Oral ulcer
  • Sores or blisters may be present on nose and nostrils
  • Sores or blisters may be present on the buttocks of small children and infants
  • Irritability in infants and toddlers
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Diarrhea
The common incubation period (the time between infection and onset of symptoms) is from three to seven days.
Early symptoms are likely to be fever often followed by a sore throat. Loss of appetite and general malaise may also occur. Between one and two days after the onset of fever, painful sores (lesions) may appear in the mouth or throat, or both. A rash may become evident on the hands, feet, mouth, tongue, inside of the cheeks, and occasionally the buttocks (but generally, the rash on the buttocks will be caused by the diarrhea).

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for hand, foot and mouth disease. Individual symptoms, such as fever and pain from the sores, may be eased with the use of analgesics. HFMD is a viral disease that has to run its course; many doctors do not prescribe medicine for this illness. Infection in older children, adolescents, and adults is typically mild and lasts approximately 1 week, occasionally longer. Fever reducers and luke-warm baths can help bring temperature down.
Only a very small minority of sufferers require hospital admission, mainly as a result of uncommon neurological complications (encephalitis, meningitis, or acute flaccid paralysis) or pulmonary edema/pulmonary hemorrhage.

Complications

  • Complications from the virus infections that cause HFMD are not common, but if they do occur, medical care should be sought.
  • Viral or aseptic meningitis can rarely occur with HFMD. Viral meningitis causes fever, headache, stiff neck, or back pain. The condition is usually mild and clears without treatment; however, some patients may need to be hospitalized for a short time.
  • Other more serious diseases, such as encephalitis (swelling of the brain), a polio-like paralysis, result even more rarely. Encephalitis can be fatal.
  • There have been reports of fingernail and toenail loss occurring mostly in children within 4 weeks of their having hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). At this time, it is not known whether the reported nail loss is or is not a result of the infection. However, in the reports reviewed, the nail loss has been temporary and nail growth resumed without medical treatment.


Not to be confused with Foot-and-mouth disease

6 comments:

  1. laicy...mcm Qaisara..tp doc ckp bkn tu..cmne?

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    Replies
    1. Pusrawi kate HFMD..smlm abg aku bawak g klinik kesihatan plk, doc sane kate bukan.. kalo HFMD budak tu akan very weak.. xblh mkn atau mnm..smpai kn masuk air..ank buah aku kene tu doc ckp simptom ke arah HFMD tu sikit sgt.. just kene jg n start cleanliness laa skrg utk elak die merebak..

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    2. laicy...aku pun da baca da..actually HFMD ni bleh serang sape2 je..especially si kecik2 ni lah..sbb antibodi diorg xkuat lg..cara utk bnd ni lagi teruk adalah paksa dia minum air..cm sm dehydrate..dehydrate tu yg buat dia lemah n bleh bwk maut...aku risau semalam..n bru aku tau,Qaisara kena HFMD ni..tp alhamdulillah..dia tgh dlm usaha utk baik..yg penting,dia nk makan da..aku lega gila..

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    3. skrg ni 3-3 anak buah aku kene.. terpaksa kuarantin.. rumah lain-lain pun boley kene.. ni aku risau kat anak aku.. abg aku yg menjaga ank die pun dah kene.. hadoiii... bertambah risau...

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  2. cian nye die..kt yg bsr nie pun kalo kene skt camtu x thn..nie plak bdk umo 5 thn..moge cepat sembuh dear..huhuhu..

    ReplyDelete
  3. tulaa..sian die x leh nk mkn n minum susu... ni pg ni adik die plk kene..mak aku cek dlm mulut penuh bintik..riso kt Putri... nsb kaklong aku yg jaga..

    ReplyDelete